A war on drafts has broken out at the Copenhagen climate conference. In response to an alleged Danish draft that was leaked (click here to read more about that), China, India, South Africa and Brazil on Thursday published a draft for a climate deal calling for a “binding” amendment to the Kyoto Protocol.
Duel on drafts
Another climate draft has emerged. The senders are major emerging economies who call on rich countries to reduce their carbon emissions by more than 40%. In November, during a closed-door meeting in Beijing between China,India, South Africa and Brazil, the four major emerging economies finalised an 11-page draft – the “Copenhagen Accord.” It requires a”binding” amendment to the Kyoto Protocol and calls for rich countries to reduce their carbon emissions by more than 40% compared to1990 levels, AFP reports.
The initiative, led by Beijing, was conceived as a rebuttal by developing countries to the ”Copenhagen Agreement” draft allegedly written by the UN conference’s host countryand leaked by The Guardian newspaper Tuesday this week.
According to AFP, the “Copenhagen Accord”, posted on the website of French daily Le Monde, embraces the objective of limiting global warming to two degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels. It calls on rich countries – committed to CO2 reductions under the Kyoto Protocol of at least 5% by 2012 – to “multiply by eight” and points out that reductions should be made “mainly through domestic measures” and not through the purchase of so-called “offsets” outside their borders in developing countries.
Regarding funding, the world´s major emerging economies call for the creation of a special fund under the authority of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
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The liveeco team